It is no secret that the ambitious deal that was needed at Copenhagen to ensure that the world’s temperature stay below a maximum 2 degree rise did not come into fruition. There were many stumbling blocks on the way including a walk out at one point by the G77 nations - a group of 130 developing countries who felt their position was being undermined in draft agreements that were being circulated. In the last few days of the conference world leaders, including Obama and Brown, flew in to try and broker a deal.
At the final hour an agreement was announced by Obama. It was negotiated between China, South Africa, India, Brazil and the US without the involvement of all 192 countries represented at the talks, including the UK and the rest of Europe. Countries were given an hour to sign the text and agree to it which the EU did reluctantly. However many developing countries did not want to sign the text and therefore the conference ‘noted’ the text as opposed to ‘adopting’ it.
COP 16 will take place in Mexico in November/December 2010. Between now and then one meeting is scheduled for May or June. There will need to be robust engagement throughout the year if the talks are to succeed with regular meetings between countries to ensure that by COP 16 there is something on the table that can be formally adopted. Businesses and civil society leaders will need to continue to keep the pressure up on governments and leaders to ensure that the world gets the deal it so urgently needs.
On 5th January 2010 Ed Miliband made a Statement to the British Parliament on the Copenhagen climate change conference. To read this click here.
27th January 2010: The UK government admits that their Climate fund is 'recycled' from existing aid budget. To read article click here.
For more information on the UN agreement at Copenhagen click here.